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Range: Kauaʻi

Region of origin: Continental United States (Oregon)

Date of first introduction: 1961 (35 individuals introduced to Kauaʻi)

Average size: Female - 35 to 45kg, Male - 45 to 65kg*

Litter frequency: 1 litter per year*

Litter size: 1 to 2 (twinning common, triplets rare)*

Home range: 0.3 km  to 138.5 km  *

Diet: Opportunistic grazer on broadleafs, ferns, and fruits

References (*obtained from studies outside of Hawaiʻi): Tomich 1986, Innes 2013

Black-tailed Deer (Odocoileus hemionus)

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